Painting Style

Western Painting Style – Hard-Edge – Precisely Classic and Unique

Western Painting Style – Hard-Edge – Precisely Classic and Unique

Hard-edge Art Style – The Concept
Hard-edge painting is a word, coined to describe the ‘Abstract Art’ of geometric orientation. The style lays stress on the depiction of indefinite shapes in vivid colors. It is a style of painting, involving precision and clarity. Crisp demarcations between colored areas mark the Hard-edge art style. The transition in colors mostly occurs along straight lines. However sometimes, color areas with curvilinear edges are also observed in this style. Although, the style was extremely popular in California initially, the Hard-edge art style spread widely in the 1960s.

‘Hard-edge Painting’ is a phrase, put together by art critic Jules Langsner, following an exhibition by four painters, Lorser Feitelson, John McLaughlin, Frederick Hammersley, and Karl Benjamin, in Los Angeles, in 1959. These artists had created the works of geometric nature, delineating various colors, clearly and sharply. The phrase gained popularity after Lawrence Alloway, a British art critic, used the term to talk about American Geometric Abstract Painting that was characterized by the “neatness of surface,” “fullness of color,” and “economy of form.” Other artists associated with this style of painting include Alexander Liberman, Brice Marden, Jack Youngerman, Al Held, and Ellsworth Kelly.

Hard-edge Art Style – The Correlations
The Hard-edge painting style is associated with Color Field Painting, Post-painterly Abstraction, and Geometric Abstraction. The difference between Geometric Abstraction and Hard-edge is that while the former describes creations with several distinct features causing a spatial effect, the later style is used to describe paintings with a small number of, but huge flattish simplified forms with almost no pictorial effects.

Hard-edge – The Intricacies
The Hard-edge Painting style is the one characterized by linear patterns, rigidly demarcated, and may include lines that create a three-dimensional effect on a two-dimensional surface. The instruments used to create these effects and patterns include palette knives, extremely soft & flat paintbrushes, or even rollers for a uniform look. In this style of painting, shapes are defined precisely by sharp edges, which represent a contrast to the soft, fluid, and almost blurred edges, usually seen in Abstract Expressionist paintings. Hard-edge paintings mostly incorporate rich bold colors, characterized by abrupt movement from one color to another, across Hard-edges.

This style has an almost intellectual approach, as compared to the spontaneous and emotional approach seen in Abstract Expressionism. Hard-edge paintings reflect calculated and impersonal feel. These paintings sometimes seem machine generated, owing to their being very precise and explicitly expression in the form of straight lines. Frank Stella aptly described the Hard-edge painting style by saying, “What you see is what you see.”

watercolor paper

Watercolor- Guidelines In Choosing Watercolor Paper

Today, watercolor paper is manufactured well with formulation for specific watercolor applications. These applications are divided into attributes such as weight, color, size, furnish, permanence, packaging, dimension and color.

Weight – Grams per square meter (GSM) determine the weight of the watercolor paper. Depending on its density and thickness, the weight of the watercolor paper ranges from 280 to 640 gsm. To judge whether the paper is good to your application without even looking at the weight is to hold it on one edge and shake it vigorously. Paper with less weight will give a rubbery sound when rattled while papers with heavier grades will tend to give off a more metallic sound. Generally, heavier papers are excellent for water based applications although it is much more expensive.

Color – Most watercolor papers are pure white although sometimes they come with a slight tinge of beige and sometimes slightly yellowish. There are also watercolor papers today that are tinted and are available in all colors.

Furnish – The furnish of the watercolor paper is determined by the content or material from which the paper is made. The papers are made of cellulose extracted from plants notably, wood pulp, linen, and cotton. After extraction, the pulps are wetted, macerated, chemically treated and filtered and rinsed and poured into paper making moulds. The watercolor paper making machines are large cylinders fixed with metal wire screen mesh that gives the paper the texture of a wove. The wire mesh determines the coarseness or the smoothness of the wove produced.

Size and Dimensions – The sizes that are commercially available are:

Emperor sheet (40″x60″), double elephant (30″x40″), full sheets (22″x30″), half sheets (15″x22″) and the quarter sheets (15″x11″). Watercolor paper sizes are also available as watercolor blocks or pads containing 20 sheets. A watercolor block comes in different sizes with its dimensions glued on the edges for portability.

Permanence – Every paper deteriorates eventually however, the best watercolor paper are the archival papers. These papers are entirely from 100% cellulose fibers whether made from linen or cotton. Because of these, papers are free of lignen. Archival papers will last for more than 100 years without significant deterioration like discoloration and brittleness.

Finishes – When you buy a watercolor paper, the finish is printed on a corner that tells you it’s texture. There are three basic finishes that tells you the texture of the paper. The HP (hard pressed), the CP (cold pressed) and R for rough. Each texture works for particular applications. Work with hard pressed papers for smoother applications and textures.

Packaging – the packaging of the watercolor paper will give information regarding the attributes mentioned above, and how those attributes will work for a particular painting.


Source by Happy Days Goldfinder

Avoid Frustration And Disappointment – Learn To Paint With Good Basic Watercolors!

Recently, I had to admit that a critic could have been right to say that my simple 2 stage learn how to paint watercolors course was too simple…

It was aimed at artist beginners who wanted to learn to paint without having to learn to draw first. This meant that although they may not be too good at drawing, they could still get started painting. Painting landscapes, still-life painting, portraits and mechanical objects can come later.

However, there are 2 reasons to go back to the basics of painting watercolors…

  1. It is a good idea to learn how to paint before painting a Mona Lisa
  2. It is a good idea to go back to first principles when your paintings are going wrong

Occasionally, there are lucky people who don’t seem to have any problems learning to paint. They pick up a box of paints and a brush and easily paint their first watercolor painting. This minority of people who don’t struggle with painting are fortunate indeed.

On the other hand, most of us aren’t blessed with such talents…

  • Truth is that it isn’t so easy to learn how to paint watercolor well
  • At times it can seem almost impossible to paint a good watercolor picture

Very soon you can find every brush mark on your painting turning into an awful mess. As you find your watercolor washes flooding uncontrollably, it is easy to create a nightmare of badly blended colors.

All too soon you can turn your great art ideas into a muddy shambles. When you do you are lost. Unless you understand what is happening when watercolor paint flows uncontrollably across the paper, your painting will never get better…

  • You need to see how color moves where the water carries it

  • You need to understand that you will wreck a color wash if you haven’t left it to dry before adding the next wash

  • It is a great idea to learn how to get a range of different color intensities and tone from a single color before adding other colors to the mix

There is great sense in the old saying… “Don’t try to run before you can walk”

Watercolor painting can rapidly convince you that you have no artistic talent. It can make you look like you have no painting skills. It is a shame to become disheartened when your watercolors go wrong.

So, given the choice, which alternative would you choose?

“Frustration and disappointment… or do you prefer to have a deep understanding of how simple and easy watercolors work in your painting?”

Source by Michael Dale

Wildlife Art Across The World

There are numerous different types of art, modern, realist, photographic, nevertheless the common objective of all art is to represent the way in which the artist, views as well as feels the picture that he is painting. Specifically with wildlife art, there are many artists whose work has nearly photographic in quality, this design of work has a certain initial wow factor. Just how did the artist manage to paint almost every hair on the tiger’s back. etc? The American market is specifically fond of this type of painting. Carl Brenders is one such artist whose work has this magically fastidious quality. Some artists will take a photo and project it onto a large canvas and paint it in piece by piece. Others may suggest that this is not the point of art and that a camera may effectively catch the moment that such an artist is striving to portray.

On the other extreme, modern wildlife art usually tends to produce a photo that one may vaguely identify, as well as utilize colors, and also sweeping brush strokes to illustrate the velocity, speed or immense size of an animal. This takes a certain amount of thought and also intellectual work on the part of the audience, but is normally a gratifying encounter, as one untangles the different pieces of the canvas to expose a story that the artist is wishing to show. In some aspects quite similar to watching a complete picture in the clouds or other objects when in a rested state of mind.

Someplace in between these two procedures of painting, lies a group of artists that adore the detail and also realistic look of a painting, however wish to capture the atmosphere as well as give the painting a certain character. The most well recognized artist that paints in this type is of course, David Shepherd. His representation of Tigers as well as Elephants in their natural surroundings, show the heat of the land, or the an approaching violent storm, the coolness of the water, or the large freezing expanses of the arctic tundra.

Normally artists will definitely have certain reasons for painting particular subjects., and it is commonly the wonder of seeing these amazing animals roaming across the world we occupy, that influences them to paint| as well as capture exactly what they see and the attached emotions that come with such an experience.

Some artists go one step further as well as become involved in the assistance of wildlife, understanding that our globe has limited resources, and also the importance of watching not only the natural resources such as gas, coal, oil, petrol, but having some respect for the land that we are utilizing, for example the rain forest in south America. Countless animals depend on a particular environment, and also their population can be desolated by some negligent activities that damage their way of living.

Unfortunately there are countless kinds of animal in danger of extinction due to the unrestrained progression, or maybe greed of mankind. By highlighting their plight, some artists have actually managed to raise the level of understanding of the globe’s wildlife, and take pleasure in the fulfillment of seeing their work assisting the world we inhabit.

Watercolor Painting Lessons – Negative painting

Negative space is the space around and between the positive shapes in a painting. Negative space is as important to consider as the positive shapes. The object, or subject, in the painting (a flower, for instance) is the positive shape. The area around the flower, the background, is the negative space. Negative paintingis painting the negative space — the area around the positive shape. In watercolor, you do lots of negative painting to save white and light areas.

Try out negative painting. If you have a daisy to look at, get it out now. I have a bunch of silk flowers to use as inspiration. Real ones are even better if you have access to them. I used the daisy as an inspiration, but didn’t closely follow all the detail that the flower showed.

1. Draw the outline of a white flower on a 5-x-7-inch piece of watercolor paper. Don’t forget the stem and leaves. The flower is the positive shape. Take a minute or two to really look at the flower shape. Take time to make the edge interesting with all the irregularities that you observe.

2. Activate your paints. Choose the colors you want for the background and activate them if they’re dry. I used alizarin crimson, hookers green, phthalo blue, lemon yellow, and cadmium yellow.

3. Paint clear water over the background. As the paper soaks up the water, rewet the area until the background is shiny damp with no dry spots. If you get a puddle of water, pick up the paper and tip it back and forth, allowing the water to dissipate through the entire wet area. You want to have an even wetness everywhere in the background. Leave the flower, leaves, and stem dry.

4. Paint the background before the water dries.

A. Take your round brush, pick up some green paint, and float it in the damp background. The paint will explode in the water. Put green in other areas quickly. You must apply the background colors while the paper is still wet. If the paper dries in an area before you’re done, stop and let it all dry. Start again with Step 3.

B. Rinse your brush between colors and get red and drop it next to the green. The red and green should mix to a dark green. Add blue in some areas.

C. Use your brush to manipulate the colors where you want them to go. Pick up the paper and tip it one way, then another, to let the water blend the colors together.

When you like the background, lay the paper down flat and let it dry.

5. Add the flower details. The center of the daisy is an oval of lemon yellow. Add a cadmium yellow shadow to the center while it’s still wet for a soft, rounded look.

6. Glaze the stem and leaves green. After the flower center is dry, mix a yellow-green with water so it’s very transparent to paint over the stems and leaves. If the background got on your stem, flower, or leaves, you can remove the paint with a stiff brush and clean water. Blot to lift off the paint with a tissue. See Chapter 3 for more on lifting paint.

7. Finish with the shadows. Paint a blue transparent shadow under the yellow daisy center.

Source by Patterns

Abstract Art: a Breakthrough in Artistic Expression

The origins of abstract art can rightly be attributed to the imagination of man. Abstract art is distinguishable from fantasy art, which makes imaginative characters and myths its subject. It is closer to reality as it reflects the real in figurative terms.  In other words, abstract art depicts real forms in a simplified or rather reduced way, keeping the original subject the same.

Abstract art did not originate all of a sudden nor is it the outcome of the 20th century thinkers. In the Jewish and Islamic religion, depiction of human beings was banned. As such, they took recourse to all forms of decorative and non-figurative arts or calligraphy.

Wassily Kandinsky is regarded as the inventor of non-figurative art in the 20th century. Gradually, his paintings moved out of figurative subjects. In 1910, he created the first figurative work of art- a watercolor sans any reference to reality. Kandinsky not only became the first abstract artist, he also took pains to promote it as a theorist. After Kandinsky, it was the Russian painter, Kasimir Malewich, who took abstract art to the next level. Melewich’s paintings mostly focused on simple geometrical forms.  

The landmark events in the mid-twentieth century changed the course of abstract art. The World War II, persecution of Jewish people by Hitler, and denunciation of modern art by the Nazis led to the immigration of hundreds of avant-garde European artists into the United States of America, especially New York. This created a new wave in the American art scenario prompting the birth of Abstract Expressionism.

Abstract expressionism is more a concept of performing art than a style. This movement stresses the trend of pushing the conventional boundaries beyond all limits. Some of the famous artists of this movement are Jackson Pollock, Willem de Kooning and Mark Rothko.

Currently, there are two primary segments of abstract art. One segment, known as Color Field Abstract Art, features unified blocks of color. Mark Rothko is one of the pioneers of this genre. The second segment includes multiple genres- Surrealism, Expressionism, Cubism, and Action painting. Regardless of all these influences, the core of abstract art paintings remains the capturing of the essence of the artist’s subconscious on canvas.

Source by Suzanne

What is the Significance of Art

Art is such a simple term but it is difficult to define. To a child, art is drawing and coloring. For celebrities, art is acting and entertaining. For designers, art is trend and fashion. The definition of art can be very objective.

Different sectors have their own definition of art. They have various standards too. For a mother, the drawings of her children are works of art. For museums, art is the genuine creation of a significant artist in the past.

Just like its definition, its significance also varies. There are various forms of art today, and each is important to the artist involved. A good example is a musician. Music is a good example of art. That is why singers are called artists. For a songwriter, each song has a story that he wants the people to hear. For most writers, this is very personal.

For various artists, art is way of expressing themselves. You may have seen an abstract oil painting, although you cannot recognize the patterns and strokes of the artists, it is very important for the painter. For him, it represents his emotion and his character. It can symbolize his anger and frustration. However, it can also represent his love and compassion. Anyone who sees it can also use it to represent how they feel. Strokes and colors can evoke certain emotions from other people. This is why most people want to buy pieces of artwork.

For others, it represents their dreams. The television today has produced several competitions that opened the doors for various dreamers. There are dancers across the country who lined up to audition because all their life they wanted to dance in front of an audience who appreciates what they can do. Many have gone to school to enhance their skills so that they can be among the best dancers in the world.

Like music, dancing is a form of art that can evoke various feelings. Aside from love, dances can also evoke sensuality, excitement, fun, passion, anger, and happiness. Art here is more than entertainment and talent. It is more of touching people lives through their moves and choreography.

Today, art also symbolizes comfort. You can see art in many beautiful and comfortable homes. Interior designers are also artists in many ways. They match things to provide a wonderful space for their client. Seeing the overwhelming reactions of their clients gives them satisfaction. To them, that is the most rewarding feeling.

Art has also transcended in foods. Many cooks and chefs have proven this. Some maybe predictable but others are like the abstract oil painting. You do not care what is in there as long as you like the taste. For them, being able to feed and satisfy their customers is all that matters.

Art is very significant in today’s generation. Since it has taken various forms, it has earned the respect of almost all the artists. Musicians respect their instruments. Painters respect their brushes, paints, and canvass. And, chefs respect their ingredients and utensils.

Art is significant because of the sense of fulfillment an artist feels every time he finishes a masterpiece.

Source by Jessica Ackerman

Watercolor Painting – Benefits and Drawbacks of Watercolor Painting

The most rudimentary form of painting with the brushes could be related to watercolor painting, as it is the primary step in the painting field, to get accustomed with the colors and the strokes of the brushes. This form of work is mostly found effective, to a great extent, considering the fact that it allows you to learn the strokes with a paint brush, before proceeding onto more daunting techniques. At the same time you also get the rough idea of mixing the paints, to get the desired effect. On discussing about this art we come across several aspects, which can be debated upon or could be put aside as the shortcomings or benefits of the art.

Several positive aspects

Watercolor paintings are an easy art, as far as the painting techniques with the paint brushes are concerned. The necessary ingredients required for watercolor painting could be easily available in the market, along with the water that is in free flow in every home. The watercolors are generally watering soluble pigments, which can be easily affordable by the individuals, and the water to dissolve the pigment is available at the workplace and even at home.  

All this makes the technique of watercolor painting so popular among the younger learners, who seek to get a good grasp on the painting techniques. Even the application of colors and the movement of strokes could be very well mastered, through the watercolor painting. It is much easier process than the others and allows us to feel free to experiment with the colors, as they are within affordable limits.

Some of the negative effects

Although, people say that the watercolor painting technique is a very easy process and saves a lot of money, they forget to consider the after effects of the watercolor painting. There are several disadvantages of maintaining a watercolor painting due to several reasons, like problem with pigmentation, colors being water soluble and few others. You might have noted that watercolor paintings are mostly done on paper, varying between several qualities, which tend to turn yellow after quite a few years.

Moreover, the watercolors being soluble with water are prone to water damage in the long run, where the entire painting might be ruined. Preservation for a watercolor painting can be really difficult considering these aspects, as you never know when some accidents might lead to contamination of water over the painting, dissolving the paint and ruining it.

When we take up the aspects of the pigments present with the paper texture, we do not wonder about the bonding of the pigments with the texture. For this reason, when the pigments seem to come off the paper and the painting seems to get dull over the days, you feel astonished at the incident, causing us further trouble to restore it.

Source by Murtaza Habib

Watercolors – Painting In Tones

But creating tones in watercolor is very important. Sometimes it is even more important than the color itself. To draw an analogy, a pianist for example might be good at reading sheet music and might have perfectly disciplined fingers to run throughout all the keys with ease but if he cannot coordinate his feet on the damper pedal, the resonance of chords will overlap and so will every key pressed that instead of music, all that is produced is a cacophony of noises. Watercolor art works the same way. As Henri Matisse once said, “There (a painting) should be a relationship and a living harmony of all the tones”.

Tones could be created with all colors, although lighter colors such as yellow will have less color tone possibilities than the darker colors such as reds and blues. Even so light colors could appear darker when surrounded by darker colors. This is also a tonal variation, a color illusion if you will that artists use and make adjustments but who gained first an understanding of color behavior.

Every good artist has to different degrees, practiced first on a grey value scale. A grey value scale is separated into 10 sections with the topmost color being pure white and the remaining nine is shaded 10% increments darker until the tenth or the bottom color is black. Comparing color tones based on the grey value scale gives the artist a very good idea on how color tones differ and how best to apply it. It also allows the artist uniformity on color tone application.

To achieve a good command at color toning, practice by painting a grey scale using black and white paints. Start with a white block at the opposite end and a black paint at the other and mix them in different range of grey. If you are starting from the darkest color the best way that this is done is to apply water as you go up the scale.

Once you can paint well with grey values, you can apply the same method with the colors that you use frequently. After that you can paint a value scale of all the colors that you have in your palette. These value scales will prove very important when you do actual watercolor work, as these tones are what you will use for color and tone referencing.

While working on the grey scale, you might be tempted to use white as you go to the lighter shades of grey. When painting a color scale however, it is not advisable since the color intensity will be lost. This practice always provided artists a very good working idea on how tones are created. Painting in tones is time well spent.

Source by Happy Days Goldfinder

Abstract Art – What Is It Actually?

Abstract art could be referred to as a creative method of expressing a painter’s view of the world along with its objects. In contrast to the traditional art form, abstract art emphasizes on ideas or imagination, which they express on canvas.

At times, an artist gives his thoughts and imaginations, a physical manifestation. These are then painted on the canvas in the form of abstract art. Such type of art must depict the capability of connecting and stimulating other people in some definite ways. It is just then, when its true purpose gets served. By using simple or complex shapes, colors and forms, it becomes possible for the artist in creating an abstract art for the purpose he had intended for the art. This type of art is also available in the form of modern art, wall art, canvas art, or large wall art. Canvas sale arts are also very popular.

For creating original abstract art works, it is not always compulsory for you to undertake any special recognized training in the field of art. Some basic skills with regard to painting and drawing would be sufficient. A little discipline on the subject can come in handy too. You could choose from a variety medium like inks, watercolors or even oils for the creation of abstract art.

A number of people prefer using watercolors to create abstract art. With the majority of people facing almost all kinds of troubles in today’s frenzied world, abstract art can be a great means to vent out one’s unexpressed emotions and to express oneself on canvas successfully in place of using sentences or words.

You can also adopt this type of as a hobby. You can make a unique piece of abstract art of your own, bind it in a frame and hang it in a place of your choice in your home. There are 4 main features to abstract art. They could be named as sketching or drawing, perspective, color theory, drawing equipments and the procedures. These play a vital role in this particular form of art.

Abstract art could be called a very liberal form of modern art. This type of art does not emphasize much on the techniques or expertise that the artist make use of to create the art. The emphasis is more on the artist’s perspective of what he thinks of the world around him, and how he views it. The feelings of the artist along with some basic knowledge in drawing and painting must be enough in producing some really great form of abstract art. Another thing which cannot be missed out on this is the colors used. Colors are very important in giving the picture the right impression.

Mixing the colors for giving the picture the right intensity is yet another significant aspect to be remembered while creating this form of art. In a nutshell, practically anybody who has the basic knowledge of drawing and painting is able to create original art pieces of this particular form.

Source by Port Art