watercolour paint

10 Fast Facts About Watercolour Paint

1. It is made from pigments that are ground together and held together with a gum binder that’s water-soluble, of course. The pigments used in watercolour paint can be either natural or synthetic.

2. It dries a lot lighter than when it is applied. In other words, the colour you apply to the canvas won’t be the same colour you’ll get once the paint has dried out. The final, dried colour is about two times lighter than the original colour applied to the canvas.

3. It is very safe and practically non-toxic. However, you should still avoid getting it on your hands, just to be on the safe side.

4. It has been used for many millennia – cave paintings done in paleolithic Europe were done in watercolour. It gained a surge of popularity during the Renaissance when it became appreciated is a proper art medium.

5. It can be transparent or opaque. Transparent watercolours let the light into the canvas and reflect it back, creating a sort of glowing effect. Opaque watercolours, on the other hand, don’t let the light in as much and instead make it bounce off the pigment, which creates a sort of dull and weathered effect.

6. It comes in tubes or pans. With tubes, you just squirt the paint out and go from there. Pans are basically square blocks of paint put together in a plastic or metal box. Generally speaking, tube paints are much easier to mix; they’re also cheaper and are better for creating large washes. Most artists prefer to use tube paints.

7. Fugitive watercolours fade very quickly. Most of the watercolour paints available now are non-fugitive, meaning the colour won’t fade as quickly and will therefore last a lot longer.

8. The same colour by different manufacturers may not look the same. If you want to use a particular colour, make sure to buy your paints from a single manufacturer so you get a consistent colour.

9. As it is water-based, watercolour paint can be quite unpredictable. When painting with watercolours, you have to learn how to control the paint. Of course, you could let the paint do its own thing and incorporate this into your painting.

10. Staining refers to how easy it is to remove watercolour paint from a support once it’s been applied or has completely dried. A staining paint is one that’s hard to remove, while a less-staining paint ca easily be wetted and lifted. The make of paint and the make of the support can both affect a paint’s staining.
Source by Joanne Perkins

abstract artwork

Abstract Artwork – In Your Home

When you make the decision to Display abstract artwork in your home you will discover that it can give any room a wonderful and feel and beautiful look of opulence and sophistication.
One example, Mondrian (Piet Mondrian) influenced art is made up of many different uses vertical and horizontal lines and large blocks of color.

When you really think about it all paintings, are abstractions simply paint on paper or canvas, board, glass, you name it. We call them realistic in the case that the representation gives us what has been agreed to be called a sky, a forest, houses, and so on. One hundred percent true abstraction does not have any references at all. For example Cardona-Hine’s work ninety nine percent of the time contains some kind of reference to nature or human beings, to something people recognize in this world, or maybe seen only as dream.

Abstract artwork is art that does not accurately represent any form or object. Abstract artwork expression is rendered in many different ways and includes shapes, colors, and forms. When an artist takes the object and either simplifies it or exaggerates it based on his skills and experience based on being a receptacle for emotions. There lots of different abstract styles. However in abstract art work there are three forms of these styles that stand out: Cubism, Neoclassicism, and Abstract Expressionism.

An abstract painting can and will bring an exciting and colorful ambience to any room or area in your home or office. I choose pieces that really spark my desire for size color and emotional excitement. I will walk a gallery and look at each piece of abstract artwork waiting for that one that just jumps out at me. A piece that really strikes me with color and emotion when I view it. One that says to me “I fit in this room or that”.

“The artist is a receptacle for emotions that come from all over the place: from the sky, from the earth, from a scrap of paper, from a passing shape, from a spider’s web.” — Pablo Picasso
Source by Bryon Zirker

acrylic paint

How to Use Acrylic Paint As Watercolor – Learning to Paint

I like to use acrylic paints because they are so versatile and can be used just like watercolor. Acrylic paint is water-based meaning it dissolves in water. You only need a small amount of paint mixed with water and you instantly have converted the acrylic paint into watercolor!

Here are five reasons that I love using acrylic paint as watercolor!

  1. Acrylic paints can be diluted with water, but are water-resistant when dry. Depending on how much the paint is diluted with water, the finished painting can resemble a watercolor or even an oil painting. To get a watercolor effect, dilute just a small amount of paint into the water. Mix it well and you have created a whole new medium to paint with.
  2. Use the thinned down pigment in a spray bottle. I have even used a small amount of paint in a spray bottle of water to mist on tiny specks of color in fields or for falling snow. Hint, make sure your painting is laying flat when you do this! These techniques would not be possible unless diluted to a watercolor consistency.
  3. Bolder Colors are possible. Acrylics paints can be used in place of watercolors because acrylics dry closer to the desired color which is slightly darker, while watercolors dry lighter and the colors are sometimes unpredictably.
  4. Watercolor techniques can be used. The wet on wet is a favorite technique use by watercolor artist. To apply this technique, apply a layer of color to the watercolor paper. While it is still wet, add another color. The two colors blend beautifully almost as if by them-selves to create soft subtle variations in color.
  5. Acrylic techniques can be used. Later add more objects with a thicker version of paint to create objects that appear closer or of more detail. You can also do the reverse where you add a layer of watercolor wash over a painting to soften it by subduing the colors whereby a fog or mist is added

Acrylic paints are so versatile, that I only purchase them because I can create so many different effects with one medium of paint. Turning acrylics into watercolor is so easy that there is no reason to buy both.
Source by Julie Shoemaker

post-painterly abstraction

Western Painting – Post-Painterly Abstraction: the Painters and Their Classic Masterpieces

Post-Painterly Abstraction – The Concept
Western American Painting done in 1950s was also called as Post-Painterly Abstraction. ‘Post-Painterly Abstraction’ is a popular term, the famous art critic Clement Greenberg created, as a fitting title for an art exhibition in the year 1964. The associated painters exploited the physical openness of design, in coherence with ‘unmodulated’ colors.

The Correlations
Post-Painterly Abstraction penetrated the Hard Edge and Color Field Painting figments of Abstract Art. These works, when flavored with Hard Edge Paintings, carried sharp contours, accentuated further with flat colors. Such artistic paintings were encouraged under Abstract Expressionism. Leading art critics of the 50s and 60s popularized it.

The Details
Post-Painterly Abstract artworks were represented in flat surfaces, with thin watery colors that suggested the scenic drama, while emphasizing on the background landscapes. The art works were a combination of vague or abstract expressions and intellectual aesthetics. The artists would verily drift in and out of sentimentalism and intellectualism.

Artists
Some key Abstract Expressionist artists, specializing in Post-Painterly Abstraction, of the 19th century include:
o Barnett Newman (1905-70) – One of the most prominent figures of Post-Painterly Abstraction, this Abstract Expressionist artist & a great Color Field painter, was an American.
o Frankenthaler Helen (1928-present) – The great American painter, born in the city of New York, started pursuing Abstract Paintings from an early age and developed the skill and passion for unique methods of painting, such as the Drip Technique.
o Kelly Oisin (1915-81) – The Irish born sculptor and painter, peaking during 30s and 40s, studied many modern languages and joined numerous art colleges to improve his Post-Painterly Abstraction works. His classical pieces include the ‘Last Supper’ among others.
o Noland Kenneth (1924-present) – An American artist, he started experimenting with Drip & Staining Technique. Helen Frankenthaler’s works influenced him greatly. He soon became popular as one of the Washington Color Painters. Later in the 60s, Noland started creating crisp images with contrast coloring on square shaped canvasses, which came to be known as Hard-Edge Painting forms.
o Morris Louis Bernstein (1912-62) – This American painter was actively involved in the revolutionary movement, marking the changes in art expressions from Abstract Expressionism to Color Field Paintings. He initially studied at Maryland College of Fine Arts, but later moved away to New York art scenario. He soon started experimenting and dabbling in unique Post-Painterly Abstraction art forms.

Post-Painterly Abstraction depicted American painting scenario of the 40s and the 50s. By 1960s, Minimalism, Hard-Edge Painting, Lyrical Abstraction, and Color Field Painting formally overtook Post-Painterly Abstraction.

Wildlife Art

Wildlife Art – Its History and Development

Some of the earliest of all known art (pre-historic cave and rock art) features wildlife art. However, it might be more properly regarded as art about food, rather than art about wildlife as such.Then for a lot of the rest of the history of art in the western world, art depicting wildlife was mostly absent, due to the fact that art during this period was mostly dominated by narrow perspectives on reality, such as religions. It is only more recently, as society, and the art it produces, frees itself from such narrow world-views, that wildlife art flourishes.

Wildlife is also a difficult subject for the artist, as it is difficult to find and even more difficult to find keeping still in a pose, long enough to even sketch, let alone paint. Recent advances such as photography have made this far easier, as well as being artforms in their own right. Wildlife art is thus now far easier to accomplish both accurately and aesthetically.

In art from outside the western world, wild animals and birds have been portrayed much more frequently throughout history.

Art about wild animals began as a depiction of vital food-sources, in pre-history. At the beginnings of history the western world seems to have shut itself off from the natural world for long periods, and this is reflected in the lack of wildlife art throughout most of art history. More recently, societies, and the art it produces, have become much more broad-minded. Wildlife has become something to marvel at as new areas of the world were explored for the first time, something to hunt for pleasure, to admire aesthetically, and to conserve. These interests are reflected in the wildlife art produced.

The History and development of Wildlife Art…

Wildlife art in Pre-history.

Animal and bird art appears in some of the earliest known examples of artistic creation, such as cave paintings and rock art

The earliest known cave paintings were made around 40,000 years ago, the Upper Paleolithic period. These art works might be more than decoration of living areas as they are often in caves which are difficult to access and don’t show any signs of human habitation. Wildlife was a significant part of the daily life of humans at this time, particularly in terms of hunting for food, and this is reflected in their art. Religious interpretation of the natural world is also assumed to be a significant factor in the depiction of animals and birds at this time.

Probably the most famous of all cave painting, in Lascaux (France), includes the image of a wild horse, which is one of the earliest known examples of wildlife art. Another example of wildlife cave painting is that of reindeer in the Spanish cave of Cueva de las Monedas, probably painted at around the time of the last ice-age. The oldest known cave paintings (maybe around 32,000 years old) are also found in France, at the Grotte Chauvet, and depict horses, rhinoceros, lions, buffalo, mammoth and humans, often hunting.

Wildlife painting is one of the commonest forms of cave art. Subjects are often of large wild animals, including bison, horses, aurochs, lions, bears and deer. The people of this time were probably relating to the natural world mostly in terms of their own survival, rather than separating themselves from it.

Cave paintings found in Africa often include animals. Cave paintings from America include animal species such as rabbit, puma, lynx, deer, wild goat and sheep, whale, turtle, tuna, sardine, octopus, eagle, and pelican, and is noted for its high quality and remarkable color. Rock paintings made by Australian Aborigines include so-called “X-ray” paintings which show the bones and organs of the animals they depict. Paintings on caves/rocks in Australia include local species of animals, fish and turtles.

Animal carvings were also made during the Upper Paleolithic period… which constitute the earliest examples of wildlife sculpture.

In Africa, bushman rock paintings, at around 8000 BC, clearly depict antelope and other animals.

The advent of the Bronze age in Europe, from the 3rd Millennium BC, led to a dedicated artisan class, due to the beginnings of specialization resulting from the surpluses available in these advancing societies. During the Iron age, mythical and natural animals were a common subject of artworks, often involving decoration of objects such as plates, knives and cups. Celtic influences affected the art and architecture of local Roman colonies, and outlasted them, surviving into the historic period.

Wildlife Art in the Ancient world (Classical art).

History is considered to begin at the time writing is invented. The earliest examples of ancient art originate from Egypt and Mesopotamia.

The great art traditions have their origins in the art of one of the six great ancient “classical” civilizations: Ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, Greece, Rome, India, or China. Each of these great civilizations developed their own unique style of art.

Animals were commonly depicted in Chinese art, including some examples from the 4th Century which depict stylized mythological creatures and thus are rather a departure from pure wildlife art. Ming dynasty Chinese art features pure wildlife art, including ducks, swans, sparrows, tigers, and other animals and birds, with increasing realism and detail.

In the 7th Century, Elephants, monkeys and other animals were depicted in stone carvings in Ellora, India. These carvings were religious in nature, yet depicted real animals rather than more mythological creatures.

Ancient Egyptian art includes many animals, used within the symbolic and highly religious nature of Egyptian art at the time, yet showing considerable anatomical knowledge and attention to detail. Animal symbols are used within the famous Egyptian hieroglyphic symbolic language.

Early South American art often depicts representations of a divine jaguar.

The Minoans, the greatest civilization of the Bronze Age, created naturalistic designs including fish, squid and birds in their middle period. By the late Minoan period, wildlife was still the most characteristic subject of their art, with increasing variety of species.

The art of the nomadic people of the Mongolian steppes is primarily animal art, such as gold stags, and is typically small in size as befits their traveling lifestyle.

Aristotle (384-322 BC) suggested the concept of photography, but this wasn’t put into practice until 1826.

The Medieval period, AD 200 to 1430

This period includes early Christian and Byzantine art, as well as Romanesque and Gothic art (1200 to 1430). Most of the art which survives from this period is religious, rather than realistic, in nature. Animals in art at this time were used as symbols rather than representations of anything in the real world. So very little wildlife art as such could be said to exist at all during this period.

Renaissance wildlife art, 1300 to 1602.

This arts movement began from ideas which initially emerged in Florence. After centuries of religious domination of the arts, Renaissance artists began to move more towards ancient mystical themes and depicting the world around them, away from purely Christian subject matter. New techniques, such as oil painting and portable paintings, as well as new ways of looking such as use of perspective and realistic depiction of textures and lighting, led to great changes in artistic expression.

The two major schools of Renaissance art were the Italian school who were heavily influenced by the art of ancient Greece and Rome, and the northern Europeans… Flemish, Dutch and Germans, who were generally more realistic and less idealized in their work. The art of the Renaissance reflects the revolutions in ideas and science which occurred in this Reformation period.

The early Renaissance features artists such as Botticelli, and Donatello. Animals are still being used symbolically and in mythological context at this time, for example “Pegasus” by Jacopo de’Barbari.

The best-known artist of the high Renaissance is Leonardo-Da-Vinci. Although most of his artworks depict people and technology, he occasionally incorporates wildlife into his images, such as the swan in “Leda and the swan”, and the animals portrayed in his “lady with an ermine”, and “studies of cat movements and positions”.

Durer is regarded as the greatest artist of the Northern European Renaissance. Albrecht Durer was particularly well-known for his wildlife art, including pictures of hare, rhinoceros, bullfinch, little owl, squirrels, the wing of a blue roller, monkey, and blue crow.

Baroque wildlife art, 1600 to 1730.

This important artistic age, encouraged by the Roman Catholic Church and the aristocracy of the time, features such well-known great artists as Caravaggio, Rembrandt, Rubens, Velazquez, Poussin, and Vermeer. Paintings of this period often use lighting effects to increase the dramatic effect.

Wildlife art of this period includes a lion, and “goldfinch” by Carel Fabrituis.

Melchior de Hondecoeter was a specialist animal and bird artist in the baroque period with paintings including “revolt in the poultry coup”, “cocks fighting” and “palace of Amsterdam with exotic birds”.

The Rococo art period was a later (1720 to 1780) decadent sub-genre of the Baroque period, and includes such famous painters as Canaletto, Gainsborough and Goya. Wildlife art of the time includes “Dromedary study” by Jean Antoine Watteau, and “folly of beasts” by Goya.

Jean-Baptiste Oudry was a Rococo wildlife specialist, who often painted commissions for royalty.

Some of the earliest scientific wildlife illustration was also created at around this time, for example from artist William Lewin who published a book illustrating British birds, painted entirely by hand.

Wildlife art in the 18th to 19th C.

In 1743, Mark Catesby published his documentation of the flora and fauna of the explored areas of the New World, which helped encourage both business investment and interest in the natural history of the continent.

In response to the decadence of the Rococo period, neo-classicism arose in the late 18th Century (1750-1830 ). This genre is more ascetic, and contains much sensuality, but none of the spontaneity which characterizes the later Romantic period. This movement focused on the supremacy of natural order over man’s will, a concept which culminated in the romantic art depiction of disasters and madness.

Francois Le Vaillant (1769-1832) was a bird illustrator (and ornithologist) around this time.

Georges Cuvier, (1769-1832), painted accurate images of more than 5000 fish, relating to his studies of comparative organismal biology.

Edward Hicks is an example of an American wildlife painter of this period, who’s art was dominated by his religious context.

Sir Edwin Henry Landseer was also painting wildlife at this time, in a style strongly influenced by dramatic emotional judgments of the animals involved.

This focus towards nature led the painters of the Romantic era (1790 – 1880) to transform landscape painting, which had previously been a minor art form, into an art-form of major importance. The romantics rejected the ascetic ideals of Neo-Classicalism.

The practical use of photography began in around 1826, although it was a while before wildlife became a common subject for its use. The first color photograph was taken in 1861, but easy-to-use color plates only became available in 1907.

In 1853 Bisson and Mante created some of the first known wildlife photography.

In France, Gaspar-Felix Tournacho, “Nadar” (1820-1910) applied the same aesthetic principles used in painting, to photography, thus beginning the artistic discipline of fine art photography. Fine Art photography Prints were also reproduced in Limited Editions, making them more valuable.

Jaques-Laurent Agasse was one of the foremost painters of animals in Europe around the end of the 18th C and the beginning of the 19th. His animal art was unusually realistic for the time, and he painted some wild animals including giraffe and leopards.

Romantic wildlife art includes “zebra”, “cheetah, stag and two Indians”, at least two monkey paintings, a leopard and “portrait of a royal tiger” by George Stubbs who also did many paintings of horses.

One of the great wildlife sculptors of the Romantic period was Antoine-Louis Barye. Barye was also a wildlife painter, who demonstrated the typical dramatic concepts and lighting of the romantic movement.

Delacroix painted a tiger attacking a horse, which as is common with Romantic paintings, paints subject matter on the border between human (a domesticated horse) and the natural world (a wild tiger).

In America, the landscape painting movement of the Romantic era was known as the Hudson River School (1850s – c. 1880). These landscapes occasionally include wildlife, such as the deer in “Dogwood” and “valley of the Yosemite” by Albert Bierstadt, and more obviously in his “buffalo trail”, but the focus is on the landscape rather than the wildlife in it.

Wildlife artist Ivan Ivanovitch Shishkin demonstrates beautiful use of light in his landscape-oriented wildlife art.

Although Romantic painting focused on nature, it rarely portrayed wild animals, tending much more towards the borders between man and nature, such as domesticated animals and people in landscapes rather than the landscapes themselves. Romantic art seems in a way to be about nature, but usually only shows nature from a human perspective.

Audubon was perhaps the most famous painter of wild birds at around this time, with a distinctive American style, yet painting the birds realistically and in context, although in somewhat over-dramatic poses. As well as birds, he also painted the mammals of America, although these works of his are somewhat less well known. At around the same time In Europe, Rosa Bonheur was finding fame as a wildlife artist.

Amongst Realist art, “the raven” by Manet and “stags at rest” by Rosa Bonheur are genuine wildlife art. However in this artistic movement animals are much more usually depicted obviously as part of a human context.

The wildlife art of the impressionist movement includes “angler’s prize” by Theodore Clement Steele, and the artist Joseph Crawhall was a specialist wildlife artist strongly influenced by impressionism.

At this time, accurate scientific wildlife illustration was also being created. One name known for this kind of work in Europe is John Gould although his wife Elizabeth was the one who actually did most of the illustrations for his books on birds.

Post-impressionism (1886 – 1905, France) includes a water-bird in Rousseau’s “snake charmer”, and Rousseau’s paintings, which include wildlife, are sometimes considered Post-impressionist (as well as Fauvist, see below).

Fauvism (1904 – 1909, France) often considered the first “modern” art movement, re-thought use of color in art. The most famous fauvist is Matisse, who depicts birds and fish in is “polynesie la Mer” and birds in his “Renaissance”. Other wildlife art in this movement includes a tiger in “Surprised! Storm in the Forest” by Rousseau, a lion in his “sleeping Gypsy” and a jungle animal in his “exotic landscape”. Georges Braque depicts a bird in many of his artworks, including “L’Oiseaux Bleu et Gris”, and his “Astre et l’Oiseau”.

Ukiyo-e-printmaking (Japanese wood-block prints, originating from 17th C) was becoming known in the West, during the 19th C, and had a great influence on Western painters, particularly in France.

Wildlife art in this genre includes several untitled prints (owl, bird, eagle) by Ando Hiroshige, and “crane”, “cat and butterfly”, “wagtail and wisteria” by Hokusai Katsushika.

Wildlife art in the 20th Century, Contemporary art, postmodern art, etc.

Changing from the relatively stable views of a mechanical universe held in the 19th-century, the 20th-century shatters these views with such advances as Einstein’s Relativity and Freuds sub-conscious psychological influence.

The greater degree of contact with the rest of the world had a significant influence on Western arts, such as the influence of African and Japanese art on Pablo Picasso, for example.

American Wildlife artist Carl Runguis spans the end of the 19th and the beginnings of the 20th Century. His style evolved from tightly rendered scientific-influenced style, through impressionist influence, to a more painterly approach.

The golden age of illustration includes mythical wildlife “The firebird” by Edmund Dulac, and “tile design of Heron and Fish” by Walter Crane.

George Braque’s birds can be defined as Analytical Cubist (this genre was jointly developed by Braque and Picasso from 1908 to 1912), (as well as Fauvist). Fernand Leger also depicts birds in his “Les Oiseaux”.

There was also accurate scientific wildlife illustration being done at around this time, such as those done by America illustrator Louis Agassiz Fuertes who painted birds in America as well as other countries.

Expressionism (1905 – 1930, Germany). “Fox”, “monkey Frieze, “red deer”, and “tiger”, etc by Franz Marc qualify as wildlife art, although to contemporary viewers seem more about the style than the wildlife.

Postmodernism as an art genre, which has developed since the 1960’s, looks to the whole range of art history for its inspiration, as contrasted with Modernism which focuses on its own limited context. A different yet related view of these genres is that Modernism attempts to search for an idealized truth, where as post-modernism accepts the impossibility of such an ideal. This is reflected, for example, in the rise of abstract art, which is an art of the indefinable, after about a thousand years of art mostly depicting definable objects.

Magic realism (1960’s Germany) often included animals and birds, but usually as a minor feature among human elements, for example, swans and occasionally other animals in many paintings by Michael Parkes.

In 1963, Ray Harm is a significant bird artist.

Robert Rauschenberg’s “American eagle”, a Pop Art (mid 1950’s onwards) piece, uses the image of an eagle as a symbol rather than as something in its own right, and thus is not really wildlife art. The same applies to Any Warhol’s “Butterflys”.

Salvador Dali, the best known of Surrealist (1920’s France, onwards) artists, uses wild animals in some of his paintings, for example “Landscape with Butterflys”, but within the context of surrealism, depictions of wildlife become conceptually something other than what they might appear to be visually, so they might not really be wildlife at all. Other examples of wildlife in Surrealist art are Rene Magritte’s “La Promesse” and “L’entre ed Scene”.

Op art (1964 onwards) such as M. C. Escher’s “Sky and Water” shows ducks and fish, and “mosaic II” shows many animals and birds, but they are used as image design elements rather than the art being about the animals.

Roger Tory Peterson created fine wildlife art, which although being clear illustrations for use in his book which was the first real field guide to birds, are also aesthetically worthy bird paintings.

Young British Artists (1988 onwards). Damien Hirst uses a shark in a tank as one of his artworks. It is debatable whether this piece could be considered as wildlife art, because even though the shark is the focus of the piece, the piece is not really about the shark itself, but probably more about the shark’s effect on the people viewing it. It could be said to be more a use of wildlife in/as art, than a work of wildlife art.

Wildlife art continues to be popular today, with such artists as Robert Bateman being very highly regarded, although in his case somewhat controversial for his release of Limited-Edition prints which certain fine-art critics deplore.

Abstract Art

Abstract Art

For it was Paris that Cubism originated and where abstract art has its modern roots. This was a movement which led to much more radical departures from the Western tradition of painting than even Kandinskys Expressionist colour chords.

Yet Cubism did not set out to abolish representation, only to reform it. The Feeling of uneasiness created by the brilliant messiness of Impressionist “snapshots” of fleeing sights, the longing for more order, structure and pattern that had animated the illustrators of Art Nouveau with their emphasis on “decorative” simplification no less than such masters as Seurat and Cezanne.
So, as the ideas grew out of expressionism and aimed at a kind of painting that would rival music in expressiveness. The interest in structure aroused by Cubism raised the question among painters in Paris, in Russia and soon also in Holland whether painting could not be turned into a kind of construction like architecture. The Dutchman, Piet Mondrian wanted to build up his pictures out of simplest elements: straight lines and pure colours. He longed for an art of clarity and discipline that somehow reflected the objective laws of the universe. For Mondrian, like Kandinsky and Klee, was something of a mystic and wanted his art to reveal immutable realties behind the ever-changing forms of subjective appearance.
Source by Keith McGregor

Watercolor Painting

Watercolor Painting Tips and Techniques

Watercolor can add a lot of life to your work of art. With some helpful tips you can master and perfect the art of watercolor painting. Transparency is the most promising and the most attractive characteristic of watercolor painting. The watercolor feels like a sparkle of light which the color of the paper shines through the paint. The watercolor seems to blend with the color of the paper and it creates an illusion of transparency.

Some tricks can best work and create the best illusion for your masterpiece. The watercolor trick that can make your painting lively. Lift paint is a trick that a watercolor paint can have. A wet tip can add light with your watercolor. While you are working with your artwork you have to keep in mind that you must work from light to dark. This will create an illusion that your artwork is coming to life.

The paper being used for your art work must have that high quality and excellent texture. A dramatic effect can be created in the final outcome of the painting. Water color paper must be chosen promptly to suite the type of scene you want to paint. You can choose from the following types of water color paper like rough pressed, hot pressed and cold pressed. You must also consider the size and weight of the watercolor paper. This involves the fibers of the paper that you will use. If these fibers are treated it will decrease the ability of the watercolor painting paper to absorb the water. Lighter paper must be stretched before using it otherwise it will wrinkle when the wet tip of the brush works with the paper.

When you are looking for the best type of watercolor painting that you will use you have to consider the capacity of the painter, whether he or she is still a student or a professional artist already. When you are already an artist who can work best with watercolor, you can use artist watercolor painting which have more vibrant colors to choose from. It is really a matter of taste. Though it is best that you use artist quality watercolor paint, but you can always mix and match the colors. You can try experimenting with colors that you use to depict your work of art in the liveliest mood. You can purchase watercolor paints in forms of pans and tubes. To make the paint more workable and accessible you have to use water in order for the dry paint cake can be easily managed in paper. You have to make sure that you have rinsed the brush before trying other colors. This must be done when you are working with a watercolor paint in a pan. If you will not do this, you will get ugly and dirty looking shades of colors. You can try mixing and matching your primary colors to come up with your secondary colors. There are still pre-mixed watercolor paints available inn the market.

You can avail such, when you visit hobby stores and see if you have your most favorite color, Purchase only a few primary colors and learn how to mix your own colors rather than purchasing premixed colors. When you become more experienced, you can then start incorporating more colors into your palette.
Source by Emma Huang

Watercolour Paints

The Different Types of Watercolour Paints

Ingredients of Watercolour Paints

Transparent watercolour paints are traditionally made from pigments that are finely ground in gum Arabic, which is a water-soluble gum acquired from a variety of the acacia tree. Gum Arabic is safe as it is completely non-toxic.

Other than Arabic gum, other binders are used such as fish glue, Tragacanth, crystallized sugar, dextrin, glycerin and honey. Clove oil is often used on cheaper paints as it prevents moulds from appearing on the painting over a long period of time. To help washes flow freely, ox gall are also be used.

Different Types of Watercolour Paints

The different types of watercolour paints display different characteristics that bring about a significant impact on your work.

Transparent, Reflective and Opaque Colours

Transparent colours, as the name suggests, are great for glazing and tinting. The colour beneath will be visible. These water colours can be specifically used for creating a glowing surface or multilayered washes, as in depictions of the reflective properties of water.

Reflective colours are those featuring reflective pigments adding more luminosity to your work. The cobalt range of blue and violet, viridian green, aureolin yellow and raw sienna display this quality.

Opaque colours are suitable for initial washes on the paper. They also serve good for accenting the painting, mixing, and in the creation of skin tones. Unlike transparent colours, using opaque pigments over other washes produces an undesirable chalky look.

Sedimentary and Fugitive Colours

Sedimentary colours are made from sediments including stones and clay and are therefore heavier and coarser, adjusting into your paper’s texture. Staining colours have more permanence as they stain the paper more, particularly the dye-based pigments.

The curiously named Fugitive colours have a tendency to change over time. They can fade away, darken to eventually become black or change colour. These unpredictable paints need to be avoided.

Student Watercolour Paints

Cheaper water colours are available in the Students’ range. These are generally used by beginners, and the reason they’re cheaper is that they are made using pigments with a lesser degree of refinement that are blended with a filler pigment that is neutral. These paints can look glossy thanks to the use of excess binder. While these inexpensive versions may resemble or simulate higher quality paint, they have less tinting strength. The more expensive colours are considered the genuine versions, ones which you should use if you’re serious about perfecting water colour painting.

Advice for Beginners

Watercolours may only require the medium of water, but they are the most complex paints to master. They are unpredictable and could look one way while wet and completely different when dry. There is also the risk of not knowing when to stop! Quite often beginners tend to keep working and working on their painting until it becomes one big collage of colour. Once mastered though, watercolour painting produces delightful artworks. To become proficient in this method it’s vital to know the different types of watercolour paints.

Knowing the different types of watercolour paints helps you plan your painting and theme accordingly. Expensive paints offer the better experience in every aspect. Now that you know the different types of watercolour paints and their varying effects on the paintings, it’s time to start painting.

Source by Mark Jubbs

Abstract Canvas Art

How to Make Your Own Abstract Canvas Art

Have you been touring art galleries for abstract canvas art to hang on your walls but end up leaving the gallery frustrated because you could not find anything that you like?  Do not worry about it because it is possible for you to make your own abstract canvas art.

You may think it is impossible for you to create your own artwork because you are not an artist.  However, with abstract art, it is entirely possible.  All you need to do is to use the right tools and your own imagination.  Abstract art is a form of art where the focus is on form and colours rather than on any particular visual subject or reference.  But there is more to abstract art than just splashing and throwing paint on canvas.  It takes some planning on the part of the artist; in this case, on your part.

Starting Your Own Abstract Canvas Art

Just like how you would do any do-it-yourself project, you would need to sit down and plan your project first, and then get the tools and materials that you require so that you can work on your abstract canvas art project.  For the planning part, the first step that you may want to take is to have a look at the spot on your wall where you are planning to put up your painting.

If you are an absolute beginner in painting, it would be a great idea to start small.  Buy a canvas that you believe is big enough for you to manage without feeling overwhelmed with your project.  Other tools you will need are brushes, a palette and paints, either oil or acrylic.

As for ideas, you can base your abstract art piece on anything you fancy.  You could use a print you saw somewhere, or maybe a photograph that you like.

Painting Your Own Abstract Canvas Art

Let us say that you are using a photograph that you like in making your own abstract canvas art.  You can start by putting transparent paper over the photograph and picking out the outline of the shapes you see in your photograph over this transparent paper.  In this way, you would be able to see the negative space – the space between or around objects – in your photograph.

You can copy this outline right on your canvas.  From here on, you can do two things.  You can either fill the negative space with colour that you like or outline the shape that you have copied on your canvas with various colours that complement each other.

Afterwards, you can mix and blend your colours to create tones of light and dark.  Creating such tones will give depth to your abstract canvas art, and thus make it more interesting to look at.  You can also make your art more interesting by creating textures with different thicknesses of paint and different strokes of your brush.

There are a few things that you need to remember when you make your own abstract canvas art.  First is that you should try to limit the number of colours you would use on your artwork, or else it would look garish and confusing.  Another thing that you should bear in mind when painting your own abstract canvas art is just to have fun and let your imagination do the work.
Source by Luke Wildman

Famous Artists Who Have Changed the World

Famous artists throughout history have contributed to the social and political landscape of different societies around the world. Some of these artists have made creations never before seen by man. Many have lead art movements that have shaped the world we live in. Here are four out of many who have changed the world through art.

Leonardo Da Vinci:

Multi-talented Italian painter of the 15th Century, Leonardo Da Vinci, was a master sculptor, architect, musician, engineer, and scientist. Apart form being an ingenious artist, Da Vinci possessed a brilliant mind which was inclined towards knowledge and understanding of everything. He is unique in the scientifically accurate sketches of objects, human body anatomy drafts, and medical and scientific designs that he also constructed with great detail, creativity and accuracy. Da Vinci’s abilities are astonishing at any age the truth is.

His two most famous paintings of the Mona Lisa and of The last Supper have stirred strong waves of controversy through the creation of the Da Vinci Code Series. They have also been parts of influencing or aiding new movements, such as occurrence of the deformation of the Mona Lisa painting by Dada, in order to create a new piece which belonged to the Dada art movement as opposed to the classical art movement.

Salvador Dali:

Spanish painter, Salvador Dali, was the leader of the surrealist art movement, with his famous painting entitled The Persistence of Memory in 1931. The painting featured an abysmal array of melting clocks, and was seen as a reflection of the internal and fearful clockworks of the male psyche. The nightmare like worlds that are created through Dali’s paintbrushes display an abstract, nonsensical, and logically confusing world, and may present the viewer with a way of developing underlying subconscious awareness, of lost feelings and fears.

Andy Warhol:

Andy Warhol is a leading figure or artist of the modern pop art movement. He is also one of the most influential and important artistic figures of the 20th century, and is generally associated with the proliferation of art imagery and mass imagery distribution. The nature of his modern art played a tremendous role in redefining the nature, social place, financial value, and general identity of what was considered to be art.

Warhol’s pop art portrait of Marilyn Monroe and Jacqueline Kennedy employ the usage of multi-images and repetition in order to reinforce the concept of mass production and eradicate class differences through the means of obliterating distinctions.

The public distribution of unique paintings onto the hands of many, through the aid of the printing press, challenged many notions about art, its right to become reproduced numerously, and its scope of existence, and influence in general.

Mark Rothko:

Rothko was a famous American painter of the 1900’s and an eager leader in the progression of the transient art movement of abstract surrealism. He created a link between the present surrealism of his time and the abstractism of the future, and is regarded as a progressive mind and artist. His paintings speak of nothing less than unchallenged originality and completion, and are widely influencing the direction of modern abstract art today.

Source by Parker Holden