Abstract Art

Abstract Art

For it was Paris that Cubism originated and where abstract art has its modern roots. This was a movement which led to much more radical departures from the Western tradition of painting than even Kandinskys Expressionist colour chords.

Yet Cubism did not set out to abolish representation, only to reform it. The Feeling of uneasiness created by the brilliant messiness of Impressionist “snapshots” of fleeing sights, the longing for more order, structure and pattern that had animated the illustrators of Art Nouveau with their emphasis on “decorative” simplification no less than such masters as Seurat and Cezanne.
So, as the ideas grew out of expressionism and aimed at a kind of painting that would rival music in expressiveness. The interest in structure aroused by Cubism raised the question among painters in Paris, in Russia and soon also in Holland whether painting could not be turned into a kind of construction like architecture. The Dutchman, Piet Mondrian wanted to build up his pictures out of simplest elements: straight lines and pure colours. He longed for an art of clarity and discipline that somehow reflected the objective laws of the universe. For Mondrian, like Kandinsky and Klee, was something of a mystic and wanted his art to reveal immutable realties behind the ever-changing forms of subjective appearance.
Source by Keith McGregor

Watercolor Painting

Watercolor Painting Tips and Techniques

Watercolor can add a lot of life to your work of art. With some helpful tips you can master and perfect the art of watercolor painting. Transparency is the most promising and the most attractive characteristic of watercolor painting. The watercolor feels like a sparkle of light which the color of the paper shines through the paint. The watercolor seems to blend with the color of the paper and it creates an illusion of transparency.

Some tricks can best work and create the best illusion for your masterpiece. The watercolor trick that can make your painting lively. Lift paint is a trick that a watercolor paint can have. A wet tip can add light with your watercolor. While you are working with your artwork you have to keep in mind that you must work from light to dark. This will create an illusion that your artwork is coming to life.

The paper being used for your art work must have that high quality and excellent texture. A dramatic effect can be created in the final outcome of the painting. Water color paper must be chosen promptly to suite the type of scene you want to paint. You can choose from the following types of water color paper like rough pressed, hot pressed and cold pressed. You must also consider the size and weight of the watercolor paper. This involves the fibers of the paper that you will use. If these fibers are treated it will decrease the ability of the watercolor painting paper to absorb the water. Lighter paper must be stretched before using it otherwise it will wrinkle when the wet tip of the brush works with the paper.

When you are looking for the best type of watercolor painting that you will use you have to consider the capacity of the painter, whether he or she is still a student or a professional artist already. When you are already an artist who can work best with watercolor, you can use artist watercolor painting which have more vibrant colors to choose from. It is really a matter of taste. Though it is best that you use artist quality watercolor paint, but you can always mix and match the colors. You can try experimenting with colors that you use to depict your work of art in the liveliest mood. You can purchase watercolor paints in forms of pans and tubes. To make the paint more workable and accessible you have to use water in order for the dry paint cake can be easily managed in paper. You have to make sure that you have rinsed the brush before trying other colors. This must be done when you are working with a watercolor paint in a pan. If you will not do this, you will get ugly and dirty looking shades of colors. You can try mixing and matching your primary colors to come up with your secondary colors. There are still pre-mixed watercolor paints available inn the market.

You can avail such, when you visit hobby stores and see if you have your most favorite color, Purchase only a few primary colors and learn how to mix your own colors rather than purchasing premixed colors. When you become more experienced, you can then start incorporating more colors into your palette.
Source by Emma Huang

Watercolour Paints

The Different Types of Watercolour Paints

Ingredients of Watercolour Paints

Transparent watercolour paints are traditionally made from pigments that are finely ground in gum Arabic, which is a water-soluble gum acquired from a variety of the acacia tree. Gum Arabic is safe as it is completely non-toxic.

Other than Arabic gum, other binders are used such as fish glue, Tragacanth, crystallized sugar, dextrin, glycerin and honey. Clove oil is often used on cheaper paints as it prevents moulds from appearing on the painting over a long period of time. To help washes flow freely, ox gall are also be used.

Different Types of Watercolour Paints

The different types of watercolour paints display different characteristics that bring about a significant impact on your work.

Transparent, Reflective and Opaque Colours

Transparent colours, as the name suggests, are great for glazing and tinting. The colour beneath will be visible. These water colours can be specifically used for creating a glowing surface or multilayered washes, as in depictions of the reflective properties of water.

Reflective colours are those featuring reflective pigments adding more luminosity to your work. The cobalt range of blue and violet, viridian green, aureolin yellow and raw sienna display this quality.

Opaque colours are suitable for initial washes on the paper. They also serve good for accenting the painting, mixing, and in the creation of skin tones. Unlike transparent colours, using opaque pigments over other washes produces an undesirable chalky look.

Sedimentary and Fugitive Colours

Sedimentary colours are made from sediments including stones and clay and are therefore heavier and coarser, adjusting into your paper’s texture. Staining colours have more permanence as they stain the paper more, particularly the dye-based pigments.

The curiously named Fugitive colours have a tendency to change over time. They can fade away, darken to eventually become black or change colour. These unpredictable paints need to be avoided.

Student Watercolour Paints

Cheaper water colours are available in the Students’ range. These are generally used by beginners, and the reason they’re cheaper is that they are made using pigments with a lesser degree of refinement that are blended with a filler pigment that is neutral. These paints can look glossy thanks to the use of excess binder. While these inexpensive versions may resemble or simulate higher quality paint, they have less tinting strength. The more expensive colours are considered the genuine versions, ones which you should use if you’re serious about perfecting water colour painting.

Advice for Beginners

Watercolours may only require the medium of water, but they are the most complex paints to master. They are unpredictable and could look one way while wet and completely different when dry. There is also the risk of not knowing when to stop! Quite often beginners tend to keep working and working on their painting until it becomes one big collage of colour. Once mastered though, watercolour painting produces delightful artworks. To become proficient in this method it’s vital to know the different types of watercolour paints.

Knowing the different types of watercolour paints helps you plan your painting and theme accordingly. Expensive paints offer the better experience in every aspect. Now that you know the different types of watercolour paints and their varying effects on the paintings, it’s time to start painting.

Source by Mark Jubbs

Abstract Canvas Art

How to Make Your Own Abstract Canvas Art

Have you been touring art galleries for abstract canvas art to hang on your walls but end up leaving the gallery frustrated because you could not find anything that you like?  Do not worry about it because it is possible for you to make your own abstract canvas art.

You may think it is impossible for you to create your own artwork because you are not an artist.  However, with abstract art, it is entirely possible.  All you need to do is to use the right tools and your own imagination.  Abstract art is a form of art where the focus is on form and colours rather than on any particular visual subject or reference.  But there is more to abstract art than just splashing and throwing paint on canvas.  It takes some planning on the part of the artist; in this case, on your part.

Starting Your Own Abstract Canvas Art

Just like how you would do any do-it-yourself project, you would need to sit down and plan your project first, and then get the tools and materials that you require so that you can work on your abstract canvas art project.  For the planning part, the first step that you may want to take is to have a look at the spot on your wall where you are planning to put up your painting.

If you are an absolute beginner in painting, it would be a great idea to start small.  Buy a canvas that you believe is big enough for you to manage without feeling overwhelmed with your project.  Other tools you will need are brushes, a palette and paints, either oil or acrylic.

As for ideas, you can base your abstract art piece on anything you fancy.  You could use a print you saw somewhere, or maybe a photograph that you like.

Painting Your Own Abstract Canvas Art

Let us say that you are using a photograph that you like in making your own abstract canvas art.  You can start by putting transparent paper over the photograph and picking out the outline of the shapes you see in your photograph over this transparent paper.  In this way, you would be able to see the negative space – the space between or around objects – in your photograph.

You can copy this outline right on your canvas.  From here on, you can do two things.  You can either fill the negative space with colour that you like or outline the shape that you have copied on your canvas with various colours that complement each other.

Afterwards, you can mix and blend your colours to create tones of light and dark.  Creating such tones will give depth to your abstract canvas art, and thus make it more interesting to look at.  You can also make your art more interesting by creating textures with different thicknesses of paint and different strokes of your brush.

There are a few things that you need to remember when you make your own abstract canvas art.  First is that you should try to limit the number of colours you would use on your artwork, or else it would look garish and confusing.  Another thing that you should bear in mind when painting your own abstract canvas art is just to have fun and let your imagination do the work.
Source by Luke Wildman

Famous Artists Who Have Changed the World

Famous artists throughout history have contributed to the social and political landscape of different societies around the world. Some of these artists have made creations never before seen by man. Many have lead art movements that have shaped the world we live in. Here are four out of many who have changed the world through art.

Leonardo Da Vinci:

Multi-talented Italian painter of the 15th Century, Leonardo Da Vinci, was a master sculptor, architect, musician, engineer, and scientist. Apart form being an ingenious artist, Da Vinci possessed a brilliant mind which was inclined towards knowledge and understanding of everything. He is unique in the scientifically accurate sketches of objects, human body anatomy drafts, and medical and scientific designs that he also constructed with great detail, creativity and accuracy. Da Vinci’s abilities are astonishing at any age the truth is.

His two most famous paintings of the Mona Lisa and of The last Supper have stirred strong waves of controversy through the creation of the Da Vinci Code Series. They have also been parts of influencing or aiding new movements, such as occurrence of the deformation of the Mona Lisa painting by Dada, in order to create a new piece which belonged to the Dada art movement as opposed to the classical art movement.

Salvador Dali:

Spanish painter, Salvador Dali, was the leader of the surrealist art movement, with his famous painting entitled The Persistence of Memory in 1931. The painting featured an abysmal array of melting clocks, and was seen as a reflection of the internal and fearful clockworks of the male psyche. The nightmare like worlds that are created through Dali’s paintbrushes display an abstract, nonsensical, and logically confusing world, and may present the viewer with a way of developing underlying subconscious awareness, of lost feelings and fears.

Andy Warhol:

Andy Warhol is a leading figure or artist of the modern pop art movement. He is also one of the most influential and important artistic figures of the 20th century, and is generally associated with the proliferation of art imagery and mass imagery distribution. The nature of his modern art played a tremendous role in redefining the nature, social place, financial value, and general identity of what was considered to be art.

Warhol’s pop art portrait of Marilyn Monroe and Jacqueline Kennedy employ the usage of multi-images and repetition in order to reinforce the concept of mass production and eradicate class differences through the means of obliterating distinctions.

The public distribution of unique paintings onto the hands of many, through the aid of the printing press, challenged many notions about art, its right to become reproduced numerously, and its scope of existence, and influence in general.

Mark Rothko:

Rothko was a famous American painter of the 1900’s and an eager leader in the progression of the transient art movement of abstract surrealism. He created a link between the present surrealism of his time and the abstractism of the future, and is regarded as a progressive mind and artist. His paintings speak of nothing less than unchallenged originality and completion, and are widely influencing the direction of modern abstract art today.

Source by Parker Holden

Painting Style

Western Painting Style – Hard-Edge – Precisely Classic and Unique

Western Painting Style – Hard-Edge – Precisely Classic and Unique

Hard-edge Art Style – The Concept
Hard-edge painting is a word, coined to describe the ‘Abstract Art’ of geometric orientation. The style lays stress on the depiction of indefinite shapes in vivid colors. It is a style of painting, involving precision and clarity. Crisp demarcations between colored areas mark the Hard-edge art style. The transition in colors mostly occurs along straight lines. However sometimes, color areas with curvilinear edges are also observed in this style. Although, the style was extremely popular in California initially, the Hard-edge art style spread widely in the 1960s.

‘Hard-edge Painting’ is a phrase, put together by art critic Jules Langsner, following an exhibition by four painters, Lorser Feitelson, John McLaughlin, Frederick Hammersley, and Karl Benjamin, in Los Angeles, in 1959. These artists had created the works of geometric nature, delineating various colors, clearly and sharply. The phrase gained popularity after Lawrence Alloway, a British art critic, used the term to talk about American Geometric Abstract Painting that was characterized by the “neatness of surface,” “fullness of color,” and “economy of form.” Other artists associated with this style of painting include Alexander Liberman, Brice Marden, Jack Youngerman, Al Held, and Ellsworth Kelly.

Hard-edge Art Style – The Correlations
The Hard-edge painting style is associated with Color Field Painting, Post-painterly Abstraction, and Geometric Abstraction. The difference between Geometric Abstraction and Hard-edge is that while the former describes creations with several distinct features causing a spatial effect, the later style is used to describe paintings with a small number of, but huge flattish simplified forms with almost no pictorial effects.

Hard-edge – The Intricacies
The Hard-edge Painting style is the one characterized by linear patterns, rigidly demarcated, and may include lines that create a three-dimensional effect on a two-dimensional surface. The instruments used to create these effects and patterns include palette knives, extremely soft & flat paintbrushes, or even rollers for a uniform look. In this style of painting, shapes are defined precisely by sharp edges, which represent a contrast to the soft, fluid, and almost blurred edges, usually seen in Abstract Expressionist paintings. Hard-edge paintings mostly incorporate rich bold colors, characterized by abrupt movement from one color to another, across Hard-edges.

This style has an almost intellectual approach, as compared to the spontaneous and emotional approach seen in Abstract Expressionism. Hard-edge paintings reflect calculated and impersonal feel. These paintings sometimes seem machine generated, owing to their being very precise and explicitly expression in the form of straight lines. Frank Stella aptly described the Hard-edge painting style by saying, “What you see is what you see.”

watercolor paper

Watercolor- Guidelines In Choosing Watercolor Paper

Today, watercolor paper is manufactured well with formulation for specific watercolor applications. These applications are divided into attributes such as weight, color, size, furnish, permanence, packaging, dimension and color.

Weight – Grams per square meter (GSM) determine the weight of the watercolor paper. Depending on its density and thickness, the weight of the watercolor paper ranges from 280 to 640 gsm. To judge whether the paper is good to your application without even looking at the weight is to hold it on one edge and shake it vigorously. Paper with less weight will give a rubbery sound when rattled while papers with heavier grades will tend to give off a more metallic sound. Generally, heavier papers are excellent for water based applications although it is much more expensive.

Color – Most watercolor papers are pure white although sometimes they come with a slight tinge of beige and sometimes slightly yellowish. There are also watercolor papers today that are tinted and are available in all colors.

Furnish – The furnish of the watercolor paper is determined by the content or material from which the paper is made. The papers are made of cellulose extracted from plants notably, wood pulp, linen, and cotton. After extraction, the pulps are wetted, macerated, chemically treated and filtered and rinsed and poured into paper making moulds. The watercolor paper making machines are large cylinders fixed with metal wire screen mesh that gives the paper the texture of a wove. The wire mesh determines the coarseness or the smoothness of the wove produced.

Size and Dimensions – The sizes that are commercially available are:

Emperor sheet (40″x60″), double elephant (30″x40″), full sheets (22″x30″), half sheets (15″x22″) and the quarter sheets (15″x11″). Watercolor paper sizes are also available as watercolor blocks or pads containing 20 sheets. A watercolor block comes in different sizes with its dimensions glued on the edges for portability.

Permanence – Every paper deteriorates eventually however, the best watercolor paper are the archival papers. These papers are entirely from 100% cellulose fibers whether made from linen or cotton. Because of these, papers are free of lignen. Archival papers will last for more than 100 years without significant deterioration like discoloration and brittleness.

Finishes – When you buy a watercolor paper, the finish is printed on a corner that tells you it’s texture. There are three basic finishes that tells you the texture of the paper. The HP (hard pressed), the CP (cold pressed) and R for rough. Each texture works for particular applications. Work with hard pressed papers for smoother applications and textures.

Packaging – the packaging of the watercolor paper will give information regarding the attributes mentioned above, and how those attributes will work for a particular painting.


Source by Happy Days Goldfinder

Avoid Frustration And Disappointment – Learn To Paint With Good Basic Watercolors!

Recently, I had to admit that a critic could have been right to say that my simple 2 stage learn how to paint watercolors course was too simple…

It was aimed at artist beginners who wanted to learn to paint without having to learn to draw first. This meant that although they may not be too good at drawing, they could still get started painting. Painting landscapes, still-life painting, portraits and mechanical objects can come later.

However, there are 2 reasons to go back to the basics of painting watercolors…

  1. It is a good idea to learn how to paint before painting a Mona Lisa
  2. It is a good idea to go back to first principles when your paintings are going wrong

Occasionally, there are lucky people who don’t seem to have any problems learning to paint. They pick up a box of paints and a brush and easily paint their first watercolor painting. This minority of people who don’t struggle with painting are fortunate indeed.

On the other hand, most of us aren’t blessed with such talents…

  • Truth is that it isn’t so easy to learn how to paint watercolor well
  • At times it can seem almost impossible to paint a good watercolor picture

Very soon you can find every brush mark on your painting turning into an awful mess. As you find your watercolor washes flooding uncontrollably, it is easy to create a nightmare of badly blended colors.

All too soon you can turn your great art ideas into a muddy shambles. When you do you are lost. Unless you understand what is happening when watercolor paint flows uncontrollably across the paper, your painting will never get better…

  • You need to see how color moves where the water carries it

  • You need to understand that you will wreck a color wash if you haven’t left it to dry before adding the next wash

  • It is a great idea to learn how to get a range of different color intensities and tone from a single color before adding other colors to the mix

There is great sense in the old saying… “Don’t try to run before you can walk”

Watercolor painting can rapidly convince you that you have no artistic talent. It can make you look like you have no painting skills. It is a shame to become disheartened when your watercolors go wrong.

So, given the choice, which alternative would you choose?

“Frustration and disappointment… or do you prefer to have a deep understanding of how simple and easy watercolors work in your painting?”

Source by Michael Dale

Wildlife Art Across The World

There are numerous different types of art, modern, realist, photographic, nevertheless the common objective of all art is to represent the way in which the artist, views as well as feels the picture that he is painting. Specifically with wildlife art, there are many artists whose work has nearly photographic in quality, this design of work has a certain initial wow factor. Just how did the artist manage to paint almost every hair on the tiger’s back. etc? The American market is specifically fond of this type of painting. Carl Brenders is one such artist whose work has this magically fastidious quality. Some artists will take a photo and project it onto a large canvas and paint it in piece by piece. Others may suggest that this is not the point of art and that a camera may effectively catch the moment that such an artist is striving to portray.

On the other extreme, modern wildlife art usually tends to produce a photo that one may vaguely identify, as well as utilize colors, and also sweeping brush strokes to illustrate the velocity, speed or immense size of an animal. This takes a certain amount of thought and also intellectual work on the part of the audience, but is normally a gratifying encounter, as one untangles the different pieces of the canvas to expose a story that the artist is wishing to show. In some aspects quite similar to watching a complete picture in the clouds or other objects when in a rested state of mind.

Someplace in between these two procedures of painting, lies a group of artists that adore the detail and also realistic look of a painting, however wish to capture the atmosphere as well as give the painting a certain character. The most well recognized artist that paints in this type is of course, David Shepherd. His representation of Tigers as well as Elephants in their natural surroundings, show the heat of the land, or the an approaching violent storm, the coolness of the water, or the large freezing expanses of the arctic tundra.

Normally artists will definitely have certain reasons for painting particular subjects., and it is commonly the wonder of seeing these amazing animals roaming across the world we occupy, that influences them to paint| as well as capture exactly what they see and the attached emotions that come with such an experience.

Some artists go one step further as well as become involved in the assistance of wildlife, understanding that our globe has limited resources, and also the importance of watching not only the natural resources such as gas, coal, oil, petrol, but having some respect for the land that we are utilizing, for example the rain forest in south America. Countless animals depend on a particular environment, and also their population can be desolated by some negligent activities that damage their way of living.

Unfortunately there are countless kinds of animal in danger of extinction due to the unrestrained progression, or maybe greed of mankind. By highlighting their plight, some artists have actually managed to raise the level of understanding of the globe’s wildlife, and take pleasure in the fulfillment of seeing their work assisting the world we inhabit.

Watercolor Painting Lessons – Negative painting

Negative space is the space around and between the positive shapes in a painting. Negative space is as important to consider as the positive shapes. The object, or subject, in the painting (a flower, for instance) is the positive shape. The area around the flower, the background, is the negative space. Negative paintingis painting the negative space — the area around the positive shape. In watercolor, you do lots of negative painting to save white and light areas.

Try out negative painting. If you have a daisy to look at, get it out now. I have a bunch of silk flowers to use as inspiration. Real ones are even better if you have access to them. I used the daisy as an inspiration, but didn’t closely follow all the detail that the flower showed.

1. Draw the outline of a white flower on a 5-x-7-inch piece of watercolor paper. Don’t forget the stem and leaves. The flower is the positive shape. Take a minute or two to really look at the flower shape. Take time to make the edge interesting with all the irregularities that you observe.

2. Activate your paints. Choose the colors you want for the background and activate them if they’re dry. I used alizarin crimson, hookers green, phthalo blue, lemon yellow, and cadmium yellow.

3. Paint clear water over the background. As the paper soaks up the water, rewet the area until the background is shiny damp with no dry spots. If you get a puddle of water, pick up the paper and tip it back and forth, allowing the water to dissipate through the entire wet area. You want to have an even wetness everywhere in the background. Leave the flower, leaves, and stem dry.

4. Paint the background before the water dries.

A. Take your round brush, pick up some green paint, and float it in the damp background. The paint will explode in the water. Put green in other areas quickly. You must apply the background colors while the paper is still wet. If the paper dries in an area before you’re done, stop and let it all dry. Start again with Step 3.

B. Rinse your brush between colors and get red and drop it next to the green. The red and green should mix to a dark green. Add blue in some areas.

C. Use your brush to manipulate the colors where you want them to go. Pick up the paper and tip it one way, then another, to let the water blend the colors together.

When you like the background, lay the paper down flat and let it dry.

5. Add the flower details. The center of the daisy is an oval of lemon yellow. Add a cadmium yellow shadow to the center while it’s still wet for a soft, rounded look.

6. Glaze the stem and leaves green. After the flower center is dry, mix a yellow-green with water so it’s very transparent to paint over the stems and leaves. If the background got on your stem, flower, or leaves, you can remove the paint with a stiff brush and clean water. Blot to lift off the paint with a tissue. See Chapter 3 for more on lifting paint.

7. Finish with the shadows. Paint a blue transparent shadow under the yellow daisy center.

Source by Patterns